Canada’s Provinces and Territories


A lot of questions come to people’s minds about Canada. One of them is What are Canada’s provinces and territories? Canada is a country and sovereign state in the north of North America. There are ten provinces and three territories in Canada. Here are two lists of the provinces and the territories.

Many people ask questions about Canada. One of them is “How many provinces and territories in Canada?”

Provinces’ names and their capitals:

  1. Alberta (AB) /Its Capital is Edmonton
  2. British Columbia (BC)/Its Capital is Victoria
  3. Manitoba (MB)/ Its Capital is Winnipeg
  4. New Brunswick (NB)/ Its Capital is Fredericton
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)/ Its Capital is St. John’s
  6. Nova Scotia (NS)/ Its Capital is Halifax
  7. Ontario (ON)/Its Capital is Toronto
  8. Prince Edward Island (PE)/Its Capital is Charlottetown
  9. Quebec (QC)/ Its Capital is Quebec City
  10. Saskatchewan (SK)/Its Capital is Regina

Territories’ names and their capitals:

  1. Yukon (YT)/Its Capital is Whitehorse
  2. Nunavut (NU)/ Its Capital is Iqaluit
  3. Northwest Territories (NT)/Its Capital is Yellowknife

Abbreviations of Provinces and Territories

  • Alberta (AB)
  • British Columbia (BC)
  • Manitoba (MB)
  • New Brunswick (NB)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
  • Nova Scotia (NS)
  • Ontario (ON)
  • Prince Edward Island (PE)
  • Quebec (QC)
  • Saskatchewan (SK)
  • Yukon (YT)
  • Nunavut (NU)
  • Northwest Territories (NT)

Canada Provinces’ map

Who established the Canadian provinces and territories?

Most of the acts that established the provinces and territories of the Canadian federation, are acts of the British Parliament, as the federal union in 1867 did not mark Canada’s independence from Great Britain. Canada’s becoming an independent state was a gradual process.

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The Distinction between Canada’s Provinces and Territories

What is the difference between a province and territory?

There is a clear constitutional distinction between provinces and territories. While provinces exercise constitutional powers in their own right, the territories exercise delegated powers under the authority of the Parliament of Canada

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Watch the following video about Canada’s Provinces and Territories,

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